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26 January 2018

Where the Turkmen gas will be delivered?

Europe has two potential routes for the import of Turkmen energy resources as with the use of existing or newly built pipelines and creation of new pipeline infrastructure. This is written by the senior researcher of the Centre for European, Russian and Eurasian studies of Carleton University and the Canadian Energy Research Institute Robert M. Cutler in an article published on the pages of Natural Gas World.

According to experts, one of the channels through which Turkmen gas can reach Europe's borders, involves the connection of the future Trans-Caspian gas pipeline to another large-scale European project - the "Southern gas corridor". Namely, Turkmenistan, arriving on the Caspian sea to the coast of Azerbaijan, falls consistently to the South Caucasus pipeline, which will take it to Turkey, then by the Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline (TANAP) - to Greece and then by the Trans-Adriatic (TAP) gas pipeline to Italy.

The projected throughput of this route is 16 bcm and the first deliveries to southern Europe, according to the calculations of the analyst, will be implemented by 2020.

The second probable route, which also starts with the Trans-Caspian energy bridge and continues South Caucasus pipeline, which involves the delivery of Turkmen energy resources to Georgia with subsequent submission to the "White stream" gas pipeline, which is planned to stretch along the bottom of the Black sea with the use of economical and available ultra deepwater technology. By the marine pipe the gas will arrive in Romania. According to the author, this idea can become a reality by 2022.

From Constanta by the system of intra-European pipelines - the Trans-Balkan gas pipeline and the pipeline "Brotherhood" - the gas will get to consumers in Poland, Slovakia, Germany, Czech Republic and Austria.

In addition, the gas resources of the Turkmen origin will be possible to fill in another construction of the gas pipeline Bulgaria - Romania-Hungary -Austria.

- Up to date, Turkmenistan has an internal infrastructure to support the European vector gas distribution. Built in-country gas pipeline East-West with a capacity of 30-40 billion cubic meters a year, stretches from the rich Eastern fields to the Caspian shore - waiting for further supplies to the West, - the newspaper notes.

The process of negotiations on the Trans-Caspian pipeline project between the EU, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan intensified in 2011. In November last year, the European Commission introduced the draft list of energy projects of common interest that allows the European investment institutions to apply the preferential regime of financial regulation.

In August, Turkmen and Azerbaijani parties signed a Memorandum of understanding on future cooperation in the energy sector. And in December, the Caspian five said about practical readiness for signature of the Convention establishes the legal regime of the Caspian sea.

As the Deputy foreign Minister of Azerbaijan Khalaf Khalafov explained then, "draft Convention on the rights of the pipelines will belong to those countries, through which sectors the pipeline will be stretched", which opens the way for implementing the Trans-Caspian corridor- the starting element of the European directions of Turkmen gas export.

www.oilgas.gov.tm

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